Is the Large Hadron Collider…Too Small?

More power, bigger, better, faster!  Well, maybe not faster, the speed of light is pretty much it for now.  But bigger and more powerful we can do.

Although the Large Hadron Collider is 17 miles (27 kilometres) long and covers a large area of Switzerland.

At depths ranging from 164 to 574 ft (50 to 175 metres) underground, the LHC has been smashing atoms for research since 2009.  It is currently undergoing upgrades and is scheduled to re-start operations in 2015.

Even with the re-start there are already plans on the table for a new collider, tentatively called the Geneva Basin Collider that is a 100km in length.  So why the need for the bigger badder collider?

Even though the LCH can get particles moving near the speed of light, it turns out that you need even more power to produce particles (like the Higgs Boson) that occurred close to the Big Bang.  As two beams of particles travel in opposite directions, they are directed toward each other and then the computers capture what happens when beams collide.  A couple of billion times a second.  But to produce higher energy particles, you need to add more energy.  The only way we know how at the moment is to build a bigger, badder collider.

– Ex astris, scientia –

I am and avid amateur astronomer and intellectual property attorney in Pasadena, California and I am a Rising Star as rated by Super Lawyers Magazine.  As a former Chief Petty Officer in the U.S. Navy, I am a proud member of the Armed Service Committee of the Los Angeles County Bar Association working to aid all active duty and veterans in our communities. Connect with me on Google +

Norman

LHC To Shutdown.

For maintenance and upgrades.  Over the next two years, the largest accelerator in the world will be worked on to do bigger experiments.

lhc repair

It turns out that in order to find newer and stranger particles, like the Higgs Bosson, you need to add more energy.  A lot more energy.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/1c/CMS_Higgs-event.jpg/220px-CMS_Higgs-event.jpg

So, the team is shutting down the collider to work on finding more about the Universe we live in.  Don’t worry, the data that they already have accumulated will take 20 years to parse through anyhow.

Actually, this post is just so I can once again point out one of my favorite videos: the LHC Rap that can be found here.  Watch and enjoy.  There is actual science in this video and there will be a quiz afterwards!

https://i2.wp.com/scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/files/2011/05/lhc-sim.jpeg

– Ex astris, scientia –

I am and avid amateur astronomer and intellectual property attorney.  As a former Chief Petty Officer in the U.S. Navy, I am a proud member of the Armed Service Committee of the Los Angeles County Bar Association working to aid all active duty and veterans in our communities.  Connect with me on Google +.  If you need help with any patent, trademark, or copyright issue, or know someone that can use my help, please contact me for a free 30 minute consultation by sending me an email or call TOLL FREE at 1-855-UR IDEAS (1-855-874-3327) and ask for Norman.

Norman

Higgs update.

With all eyes toward Mars these days, it seems like an eternity ago that man discovered one of the fundamental building blocks of the Universe.  Sigh, how fleeting and fickle is science.  I mean it is almost worse than those many fashion shows on the television.  What is that saying…”one day your in, the next your out,” or something like that.

Well now that the Higgs Boson is passe, CERN scientists have a few burning questions about the particle.

The gigantic proton accelerator will be shut down this year, but physicist Paris Sphicas told The Register the boffins should be able to gather enough data about the particle’s properties to tackle two of their conundrums before the big switch off.

View of the LHC tunnel sector 3 to 4

For those still baffled by last month’s discovery, the purported sighting of the Higgs boson helps explain how everything around us actually exists.  Its own existence suggests that the Higgs field is real and that particles moving through this field gain mass. The boson is therefore vital in propping up the Standard Model, which is modern science’s least incomplete explanation of how the universe works.

However, although the Higgs field in theory gives everything else mass, it doesn’t appear to be giving mass to the boson itself, a mystery that can only be answered with further study of this Higgs-like particle.

In order to confirm the Higgs-like boson is the sought-after elusive elementary particle, it has to have certain properties, such as what particles it decays into and how often it decays into specific particles.

“If the Higgs is the guy who gives mass to everybody then its coupling – in other words the strength with which it engages the other particles – will be proportional to mass,” explained Sphicas, a physicist working on the collider’s general-purpose experiment CMS.

“So if you count how often it goes to particle A, B or C, that frequency should be strictly given by the mass of these particles.”

Another important property of a Higgs boson is how it decays: a uniform manner will indicate the boson has “zero spin”, otherwise it would be all over the place and therefore probably some other particle. The Higgs boson spin has to be zero because of its quantum nature.

Particle collision in the Large Hadron Collider

“If that angular distribution of the stuff it breaks into is totally spherically symmetric, that would be spin zero. If it’s anything else that would be one of the known particles,” Sphicas said.

These are the answers that CERN hopes to find before the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is powered off and upgraded to 14 teraelectron volts in 2015.

“Already, what we found is a boson, we know it’s a boson, no doubt,” the physicist said.

“What we don’t know is whether it decays isotropically or not, that we will know by the end of the year, or it will be in the data that we collect by the end of the year so it may take a bit longer to get the results.

“The first hint of how often it decays to the different types of particles will also be obtained with the same data that we collect up to the end of the year. And the reason is that we will have enough events to see the new boson not just in the two channels we saw it in so far but also in a few others,” he added.

So surely that’ll be it, then: the spin is shown to be zero and the mass-giving mechanism checked, telling the boffins this is the Higgs boson. But actually, no, as Sphicas puts it, if this boson is the Higgs, that’s the point at which the fun really starts.

If you have made a discover of a new invention, or know someone that can use my help, please contact me for a free 30 minute consultation at nvantreeck@usip.com or call TOLL FREE at 1-855-UR IDEAS (1-855-874-3327) and ask for Norman.

– Ex astris, scientia –

 

 

What is a Higgs Boson Anyway?

Scanning around the web for an easy explanation to this question, I think I have found the perfect answer in a video cartoon.  Follow the link and watch for a few minutes and you may learn more about quantum physics than you ever knew before.  A quick and easy explanation that was thoroughly enjoyable.  Although, I still do love the LCH rap.  I will post some other items related to this in the coming week.  For now, just enjoy the show.

Inside the LHC

– Ex astris, scientia –

If you have discovered a new way to view the universe and need help to protect your idea, or know someone that can use my help, please contact me for a free 30 minute consultation at nvantreeck@usip.com or call TOLL FREE at 1-855-UR IDEAS (1-855-874-3327) and ask for Norman.